Hillary Clinton

203Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is an American politician who served as the 67th United States Secretary of State under President Barack Obama from 2009 to 2013. The wife of the 42nd President of the United States Bill Clinton, she was First Lady of the United States during his tenure from 1993 to 2001. She served as a United States Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, and is a candidate for President of the United States in the 2016 presidential election.

As First Lady of the United States, her major initiative, the Clinton health care plan of 1993, failed to reach a vote in Congress. In 1997 and 1999, she played a leading role in advocating the creation of the State Children's Health Insurance Program, the Adoption and Safe Families Act and the Foster Care Independence Act. The only First Lady to have been subpoenaed, she testified before a federal grand jury in 1996 regarding the Whitewater controversy, although no charges against her related to this or other investigations during her husband's presidency were ever brought. Her marriage to the president was subject to considerable public discussion following the Lewinsky scandal of 1998, and overall her role as First Lady drew a polarized response from the American public.


Once she became Secretary of State, Clinton's image seemed to improve dramatically among the American public and become one of a respected world figure.[306][435] She gained consistently high approval ratings (by 2011, the highest of her career except during the Lewinsky scandal),[436] and her favorable-unfavorable ratings during 2010 and 2011 were the highest of any active, nationally prominent American political figure.[435][437] A 2012 Internet meme, “Texts from Hillary”, was based around a photograph of Clinton sitting on a military plane wearing sunglasses and using a mobile phone and imagined the recipients and contents of her text messages. It achieved viral popularity among younger, technically adept followers of politics.[438] Clinton sought to explain her popularity by saying in early 2012, “There’s a certain consistency to who I am and what I do, and I think people have finally said, ‘Well, you know, I kinda get her now.'”[306] She continued to do well in Gallup’s most admired man and woman poll and in 2014 she was named the most admired woman by Americans for the thirteenth straight time and the nineteenth time overall.[439] Her favorability ratings dropped, however, after she left office and began to be viewed in the context of partisan politics again,[439] and by July 2015, with her 2016 presidential campaign underway, her ratings slumped to the same kind of closely divided levels as seen in her 2008 presidential run.[440] Electoral history
Main article: Electoral history of Hillary Rodham Clinton
New York United States Senate election, 2000
Party     Candidate     Votes     %     ±%
    Democratic     Hillary Rodham Clinton     3,747,310     55.3     
    Republican     Rick Lazio     2,915,730     43.0     
New York United States Senate election, 2006
Party     Candidate     Votes     %     ±%
    Democratic     Hillary Rodham Clinton     3,008,428     67.0     +11.7
    Republican     John Spencer     1,392,189     31.0     -12.0